Rebuilding After Disasters

Rebuilding After Disasters Author Gonzalo Lizarralde
ISBN-10 9781134028450
Release 2009-09-10
Pages 296
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Disasters are not natural. Natural events such as earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, etc. become disasters because of the fragile relations that exist between the natural, human and built environments. Sadly, major disasters will always occur in towns and cities in the developing world where resources are limited, people are vulnerable and needs are particularly great. The prevailing state of emergency challenges thoughtful and sustainable planning and construction. Yet it is possible, in theory and in practice, to construct them in a way that provides a sustainable environment and improved conditions for current and future generations. Rebuilding After Disasters emphasizes the role of the built environment in the re-establishment of lives and sustainable livelihoods after disasters. Expert contributors explain the principal challenges facing professionals and practitioners in the building industry. This book will be of great value to decision makers, students and researchers in the fields of architecture, social sciences, engineering, planning, geography, and disaster recovery.



Rebuilding Urban Places After Disaster

Rebuilding Urban Places After Disaster Author Eugenie L. Birch
ISBN-10 9780812204483
Release 2013-01-09
Pages 416
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Disasters—natural ones, such as hurricanes, floods, or earthquakes, and unnatural ones such as terrorist attacks—are part of the American experience in the twenty-first century. The challenges of preparing for these events, withstanding their impact, and rebuilding communities afterward require strategic responses from different levels of government in partnership with the private sector and in accordance with the public will. Disasters have a disproportionate effect on urban places. Dense by definition, cities and their environs suffer great damage to their complex, interdependent social, environmental, and economic systems. Social and medical services collapse. Long-standing problems in educational access and quality become especially acute. Local economies cease to function. Cultural resources disappear. The plight of New Orleans and several smaller Gulf Coast cities exemplifies this phenomenon. This volume examines the rebuilding of cities and their environs after a disaster and focuses on four major issues: making cities less vulnerable to disaster, reestablishing economic viability, responding to the permanent needs of the displaced, and recreating a sense of place. Success in these areas requires that priorities be set cooperatively, and this goal poses significant challenges for rebuilding efforts in a democratic, market-based society. Who sets priorities and how? Can participatory decision-making be organized under conditions requiring focused, strategic choices? How do issues of race and class intersect with these priorities? Should the purpose of rebuilding be restoration or reformation? Contributors address these and other questions related to environmental conditions, economic imperatives, social welfare concerns, and issues of planning and design in light of the lessons to be drawn from Hurricane Katrina.



Rebuilding Sustainable Communities for Children and their Families after Disasters

Rebuilding Sustainable Communities for Children and their Families after Disasters Author Adenrele Awotona
ISBN-10 9781443818209
Release 2009-12-14
Pages 485
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Disasters impose enormous misery on children, the most vulnerable members of the community. Records show that two million children have died as a direct consequence of armed conflict over the past decade. Globally, millions more have suffered death, disease, and dislocation as a result of such natural disasters as earthquakes, droughts, and floods. And even when emergency relief is available, permanent human damage remains; all too often, families fall apart, women are assaulted and degraded, and children are left to take care of themselves. In November 2008, the Center for Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters at the University of Massachusetts Boston, USA, hosted an international conference to examine how to reconstruct sustainable communities that would be safe and secure for children and their families after disasters. This volume collects some of the papers that were presented at the conference. It is remarkable for the sheer assortment of topics covered. These include the role of gender equality in alleviating poverty and assisting children, their families and their communities after disasters; war and child soldiers; lessons from Hurricane Katrina and the Tsunami; the nature of psychosocial resilience and its significance for managing mass emergencies, disasters and terrorism; and, the promotion of human dignity in the creation of sustainable environments that empower families in the aftermath of disasters.



Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters in China Japan and Beyond

Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters in China  Japan and Beyond Author Adenrele Awotona
ISBN-10 9781443861175
Release 2014-06-02
Pages 460
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This volume examines lessons learned in reducing the impact of disasters on communities in China, Japan and other countries world-wide. Asia is the most disaster-prone continent. The 2012 data on natural disasters in 28 Asian countries, released by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Belgian-based Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters on December 11th, 2012 showed that, from 1950 to 2011, nine out of ten people affected by disasters globally were in Asia; that of the top five disasters that created the most damage in 2012, three were in China; that China led the list of most disasters in 2012; and, that China was the only “multi-hazard”-prone country. Similarly, the March 2011 Tohoku earthquake was the greatest known earthquake ever to have hit Japan and one of the five strongest ever recorded earthquakes in the world since 1900. Subsequently, the Center for Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters at the University of Massachusetts Boston organized a conference in November 2012 to survey the best practices in post-disaster rebuilding efforts in China and Japan. This edited book consists of selected papers from the proceedings of that event and previously invited contributions from leading scholars in post-disaster rebuilding in China, Japan and Namibia.



Rebuilding Sustainable Communities After Disasters

Rebuilding Sustainable Communities After Disasters Author Ingrid Johnston
ISBN-10 1443888044
Release 2016-04-01
Pages 254
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What would you do if a category five monster cyclone was headed your way? Drive as far as you could, as quickly as you could in the opposite direction? What if there were no cars? What if there were no roads? What if you were on a tiny island? What if there was nowhere to run to? How would you feel, knowing that when it was over it could be weeks before anyone came to help? Thousands of people live with this possibility every day, and their resilience and coping skills are incredible. However, climate change threatens to make these events worse, and all the while the sea levels are rising, and these islands are sinking. Bringing together the perspectives of the people on small, remote islands in the South Pacific, the aid organisations who help after a disaster, and the governments, this book investigates how we should respond. These are the stories of people for whom climate change is not a theoretical future, but a daily reality.



Rebuilding Communities After Disasters

Rebuilding Communities After Disasters Author Laura Baron
ISBN-10 OCLC:895072508
Release 2010
Pages 102
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Rebuilding Communities After Disasters has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Rebuilding Communities After Disasters also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Rebuilding Communities After Disasters book for free.



Rebuilding Sustainable Communities with Vulnerable Populations after the Cameras Have Gone

Rebuilding Sustainable Communities with Vulnerable Populations after the Cameras Have Gone Author Adenrele Awotona
ISBN-10 9781443838535
Release 2012-03-15
Pages 570
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This volume focuses on the status of the elderly and the disabled after disasters globally as well as the challenges of post-earthquake rebuilding in Haiti. The International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies has estimated that between 1987 and 2007, about 26 million older people were affected each year by natural disasters alone and that this figure could more than double by 2050 due to the rapidly changing demographics of ageing. People with disabilities (physical, medical, sensory or cognitive) are equally at risk of utter neglect during and after disasters. The Australian Agency for International Development estimates that 650 million people across the world have a disability and about 80 per cent of them live in developing countries. Similarly, before the January 2010 earthquake, Haiti was a “country with tremendous development needs and numerous impediments to development,” according to Congresswoman Maxine Waters when introducing a Resolution in the US House of Representatives to cancel Haiti’s debts in March 2007. These impediments included an overwhelming burden of international debt; lack of personal and community assets; and, very little or no internal and external capacities, all of which have been exacerbated by the aftermath of the earthquake. It was against this background that the Center for Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters at the University of Massachusetts Boston organized two international Conferences in 2010 – in April, on Rebuilding Sustainable Communities in Haiti in the wake of the January Earthquake; and, in July, on Rebuilding Sustainable Communities with the Elderly and Disabled People after Disasters. This edited book consists of selected papers that were presented at these academic events. The topics include Disaster Experiences of the Elderly and the Disabled in Nigeria; The Vulnerability of Elderly People in the Aftermath of Earthquakes in Iran; Methods for Assessing and Developing Understanding of Resiliency in Communities; The Tuareg’s traditional Shelter for Disaster Mitigation and Reconstruction in Libya; and, People with Disabilities in Haiti Before and After the 2010 Earthquake.



Residential Rebuilding After a Disaster

Residential Rebuilding After a Disaster Author California. Legislature. Senate. Committee on Local Government
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822016893737
Release 1994
Pages 42
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Residential Rebuilding After a Disaster has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Residential Rebuilding After a Disaster also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Residential Rebuilding After a Disaster book for free.



After the Disaster

After the Disaster Author Megan Scribner
ISBN-10 1933549750
Release 2011
Pages 92
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"This report draws from the dialogue and seminar papers shared at an April 2011 meeting co-hosted by the Wilson Center and the Fetzer Institute to explore how best to respond to disasters. Highlighting the complex nature of disaster response and exploring ways to overcome the inherent tension between those responding to disasters and the local community, the discussion centered on how to identify the strengths of a community and use technology to better engage the local community and provide effective, sustainable relief"--Publisher's description.



EcoCities

EcoCities Author Richard Register
ISBN-10 0865715521
Release 2006-04-01
Pages 368
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An updated edition of the landmark classic by the leader of the ecocity movement



Ways to Help After a Natural Disaster

Ways to Help After a Natural Disaster Author Laya Saul
ISBN-10 9781612281278
Release 2010-12-23
Pages 48
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Millions of people are affected by natural disasters each year. Even in those hardest of times, there is a chance to help rebuild in positive ways. After a big loss, people may feel completely alone; but when good people step forward to come together, to lend a hand and a smile, hope shines through and brings healing to the darkest places. Starting with emergency preparedness, Ways to Help After a Natural Disaster is filled with ideas of how you can help people and communities repair and heal after a natural disaster.



New Orleans and the Design Moment

New Orleans and the Design Moment Author Jacob A. Wagner
ISBN-10 9781317981466
Release 2014-06-11
Pages 176
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Following the disaster of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, people began to discuss and visualize the ways in which the urban structure of the city could be reorganized. Rather than defining the disaster recovery process as simply a matter of rebuilding the existing city, these voices called for a more radical rethinking of the city’s physical, social and environmental systems. This idea of disaster as an opportunity for urban restructuring is a hallmark of a "design moment." Design moments are different from the incremental process of urban growth and development. Instead of gradual growth and change, design moments present the opportunity for a significant restructuring of urban form that can shape the city for decades to come. As such, a design moment presents a critical juncture in the historical growth and development of a city. In this book we explore the question: what does urban design have to do with a disaster like Hurricane Katrina? Focused on New Orleans, the authors explore different dimensions of the post-disaster design moment, including the politics of physical redevelopment, the city’s history and identity, justice and the image of the city, demolition and housing development, and the environmental aspects of the recovery process. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Urban Design.



Environmental Hazards and Disasters

Environmental Hazards and Disasters Author Bimal Kanti Paul
ISBN-10 9781119951025
Release 2011-11-01
Pages 352
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Environmental Hazards and Disasters has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Environmental Hazards and Disasters also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Environmental Hazards and Disasters book for free.



Humanitarian Architecture

Humanitarian Architecture Author Esther Charlesworth
ISBN-10 9781317690795
Release 2014-06-27
Pages 264
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Never has the demand been so urgent for architects to respond to the design and planning challenges of rebuilding post-disaster sites and cities. In 2011, more people were displaced by natural disasters (42 million) than by wars and armed conflicts. And yet the number of architects equipped to deal with rebuilding the aftermath of these floods, fires, earthquake, typhoons and tsunamis is chronically short. This book documents and analyses the expanding role for architects in designing projects for communities after the event of a natural disaster. The fifteen case studies featured in the body of the book illustrate how architects can use spatial sensibility and integrated problem-solving skills to help alleviate both human and natural disasters. The cases include: Lizzie Babister - Department of International Development, UK. Shigeru Ban - Winner of The Pritzker Architecture Prize 2014, Shigeru Ban Architects and Voluntary Architects’ Network, Japan. Eric Cesal – Disaster Reconstruction and Resiliency Studio and Architecture for Humanity, Japan. Hsieh Ying Chun – Atelier 3, Taiwan. Nathaniel Corum - Education Outreach and Architecture for Humanity, USA. Sandra D’Urzo - Shelter and Settlements and International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Switzerland. Brett Moore - World Vision International, Australia. Michael Murphy - MASS Design Group, USA. David Perkes - Gulf Coast Community Design Studio, USA. Paul Pholeros - Healthabitat, Australia. Patama Roonrakwit - Community Architects for Shelter and Environment, Thailand. Graham Saunders - International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Switzerland. Kirtee Shah - Ahmedabad Study Action Group, India. Maggie Stephenson - UN-HABITAT, Haiti. Anna Wachtmeister - Catholic Organisation for Relief and Redevelopment Aid, the Netherlands. The interviews and supporting essays show built environment professionals collaborating with post-disaster communities as facilitators, collaborators and negotiators of land, space and shelter, rather than as ‘save the world’ modernists, as often portrayed in the design media. The goal is social and physical reconstruction, as a collaborative process involving a damaged community and its local culture, environment and economy; not just shelter ‘projects’ that ‘build’ houses but leave no economic footprint or longer-term community infrastructure. What defines and unites the architects interviewed for Humanitarian Architecture is their collective belief that through a consultative process of spatial problem solving, the design profession can contribute in a significant way to the complex post-disaster challenge of rebuilding a city and its community.



The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations in Long term Human Recovery After Disaster

The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations in Long term Human Recovery After Disaster Author Anita Chandra
ISBN-10 9780833048820
Release 2009
Pages 18
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In the four years since Hurricane Katrina, volunteers and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have been instrumental in supporting community efforts to recover and rebuild from the devastation in the Gulf States region. The period also provides a case study of the complex process of human recovery and the resource and policy constraints on NGO involvement in these efforts. Human recovery is the process of rebuilding social and daily routines and support networks that foster physical and mental health and well-being. To capture lessons learned for improving human recovery efforts in future disasters, RAND researchers conducted a facilitated discussion with NGO leaders representing a broad spectrum of organizations in Louisiana. The results of that discussion highlight ongoing challenges facing NGOs in terms of appropriate recovery models and financing, NGO-government coordination, and processes to formalize and operationalize NGO roles and responsibilities. Drawing on these lessons, this paper also offers a series of state and federal policy recommendations and a set of possible future research directions to assess and address barriers to long-term human recovery efforts.



Psychosocial Capacity Building in Response to Disasters

Psychosocial Capacity Building in Response to Disasters Author Joshua L. Miller
ISBN-10 9780231519762
Release 2012-02-21
Pages 360
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Disaster responders treat more than just the immediate emotional and psychological trauma of victims: they empower individuals and families to heal themselves long into a disaster's aftermath. This requires rebuilding the ability of survivors to meet their emotional and psychological needs, not only for themselves but also for others, and necessitates a careful consideration of survivors' social, economic, and political realities so healing and recovery can outlast the reverberations of disaster.



Post Disaster Reconstruction of the Built Environment

Post Disaster Reconstruction of the Built Environment Author Dilanthi Amaratunga
ISBN-10 9781444344929
Release 2011-06-13
Pages 336
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Disasters threaten all parts of the world and they appear to be increasing in frequency, scale and intensity. Despite huge improvements in the emergency response, permanent reconstruction is often uncoordinated, inefficiently managed and slow to begin. International agencies are geared to an efficient response in terms of humanitarian relief, but they are not well versed in the requirements of long-term reconstruction, which is often constrained by lack of planning and poorly coordinated management. The construction industry is typically engaged in a range of critical activities after a disaster, including provision of temporary shelter in the immediate aftermath and restoration of permanent shelter and public infrastructure once the immediate humanitarian needs have been attended to. Post-Disaster Reconstruction of the Built Environment identifies the challenges that face the industry and highlights best practice to enable the construction industry to address those problems which make an effective response to these unexpected events difficult. Written by an international team of experts, this book will help researchers and advanced students of construction understand the problems faced by communities and the construction industry when faced with a natural or man-made disaster, and identify the planning and management processes required by the industry to mount an effective response.