Rebuilding Urban Places After Disaster

Rebuilding Urban Places After Disaster Author Eugenie L. Birch
ISBN-10 9780812204483
Release 2013-01-09
Pages 416
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Disasters—natural ones, such as hurricanes, floods, or earthquakes, and unnatural ones such as terrorist attacks—are part of the American experience in the twenty-first century. The challenges of preparing for these events, withstanding their impact, and rebuilding communities afterward require strategic responses from different levels of government in partnership with the private sector and in accordance with the public will. Disasters have a disproportionate effect on urban places. Dense by definition, cities and their environs suffer great damage to their complex, interdependent social, environmental, and economic systems. Social and medical services collapse. Long-standing problems in educational access and quality become especially acute. Local economies cease to function. Cultural resources disappear. The plight of New Orleans and several smaller Gulf Coast cities exemplifies this phenomenon. This volume examines the rebuilding of cities and their environs after a disaster and focuses on four major issues: making cities less vulnerable to disaster, reestablishing economic viability, responding to the permanent needs of the displaced, and recreating a sense of place. Success in these areas requires that priorities be set cooperatively, and this goal poses significant challenges for rebuilding efforts in a democratic, market-based society. Who sets priorities and how? Can participatory decision-making be organized under conditions requiring focused, strategic choices? How do issues of race and class intersect with these priorities? Should the purpose of rebuilding be restoration or reformation? Contributors address these and other questions related to environmental conditions, economic imperatives, social welfare concerns, and issues of planning and design in light of the lessons to be drawn from Hurricane Katrina.



Growing Greener Cities

Growing Greener Cities Author Eugenie L. Birch
ISBN-10 9780812204094
Release 2011-01-01
Pages 424
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Nineteenth-century landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted described his most famous project, the design of New York's Central Park, as "a democratic development of highest significance." Over the years, the significance of green in civic life has grown. In twenty-first-century America, not only open space but also other issues of sustainability—such as potable water and carbon footprints—have become crucial elements in the quality of life in the city and surrounding environment. Confronted by a U.S. population that is more than 70 percent urban, growing concern about global warming, rising energy prices, and unabated globalization, today's decision makers must find ways to bring urban life into balance with the Earth in order to sustain the natural, economic, and political environment of the modern city. In Growing Greener Cities, a collection of essays on urban sustainability and environmental issues edited by Eugenie L. Birch and Susan M. Wachter, scholars and practitioners alike promote activities that recognize and conserve nature's ability to sustain urban life. These essays demonstrate how partnerships across professional organizations, businesses, advocacy groups, governments, and individuals themselves can bring green solutions to cities from London to Seattle. Beyond park and recreational spaces, initiatives that fall under the green umbrella range from public transit and infrastructure improvement to aquifer protection and urban agriculture. Growing Greener Cities offers an overview of the urban green movement, case studies in effective policy implementation, and tools for measuring and managing success. Thoroughly illustrated with color graphs, maps, and photographs, Growing Greener Cities provides a panoramic view of urban sustainability and environmental issues for green-minded city planners, policy makers, and citizens.



Restorative Redevelopment of Devastated Ecocultural Landscapes

Restorative Redevelopment of Devastated Ecocultural Landscapes Author Robert L. France
ISBN-10 9781439856130
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 528
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A fusion of ecological restoration and sustainable development, restorative redevelopment represents an emerging paradigm for remediating landscapes. Rather than merely fixing the broken bits and pieces of nature, restorative development advocates the reuse of devastated landscapes to improve the value and livability of a location for humans at the same time as effectively reinstating natural processes and functions. Restorative Redevelopment of Devastated Ecocultural Landscapes explores the use of this approach to address the long-term, sustainable reparation of the fabled marshlands of southern Iraq destroyed by Saddam Hussein, as well as numerous examples of other ecologically sensitive regions. Case studies presented include: Southern marshlands Iraq Hula swamp, Israel Azraq Oasis, Jordan Las Vegas Wash, USA Xochimilco, Mexico Pantanal, Brazil Clark County Wetlands Park, USA Tonle Sap, Cambodia Lake Titicaca, Peru Nature Reserves, Jordan The book reviews successfully-implemented and celebrated case studies from more than 15 countries around the world which, either in whole or in part, can offer valuable insight into the restorative development of the Iraqi marshlands as well as other devastated ecocultural landscapes. It presents practical approaches for sustaining the process of restoration efforts, both during and after the reparation work has been accomplished. The editor suggests solutions targeted for Iraq but that also have resonance in other regions devastated by conflict and natural disasters. He takes a synoptic or cross-system approach to problem solving when repairing large-scale landscapes that have been devastated by conflict or natural disasters such as tsunami-damaged Indonesia and earthquake-ravaged Haiti.



Neighborhood and Life Chances

Neighborhood and Life Chances Author Harriet B. Newburger
ISBN-10 9780812200089
Release 2011-02-17
Pages 392
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Does the place where you lived as a child affect your health as an adult? To what degree does your neighbor's success influence your own potential? The importance of place is increasingly recognized in urban research as an important variable in understanding individual and household outcomes. Place matters in education, physical health, crime, violence, housing, family income, mental health, and discrimination—issues that determine the quality of life, especially among low-income residents of urban areas. Neighborhood and Life Chances: How Place Matters in Modern America brings together researchers from a range of disciplines to present the findings of studies in the fields of education, health, and housing. The results are intriguing and surprising, particularly the debate over Moving to Opportunity, an experiment conducted by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, designed to test directly the effects of relocating individuals away from areas of concentrated poverty. Its results, while strong in some respects, showed very different outcomes for boys and girls, with girls more likely than boys to experience positive outcomes. Reviews of the literature in education and health, supplemented by new research, demonstrate that the problems associated with residing in a negative environment are indisputable, but also suggest the directions in which solutions may lie. The essays collected in this volume give readers a clear sense of the magnitude of contemporary challenges in metropolitan America and of the role that place plays in reinforcing them. Although the contributors suggest many practical immediate interventions, they also recognize the vital importance of continued long-term efforts to rectify place-based limitations on lifetime opportunities.



My Storm

My Storm Author Edward J. Blakely
ISBN-10 9780812207064
Release 2012-01-31
Pages 192
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Edward J. Blakely has been called upon to help rebuild after some of the worst disasters in recent American history, from the San Francisco Bay Area's 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake to the September 11 attacks in New York. Yet none of these jobs compared to the challenges he faced in his appointment by New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin as Director of the Office of Recovery and Development Administration following Hurricane Katrina. In Katrina's wake, New Orleans and the Gulf Coast suffered a disaster of enormous proportions. Millions of pounds of water crushed the basic infrastructure of the city. A land area six times the size of Manhattan was flooded, destroying 200,000 homes and leaving most of New Orleans under water for 57 days. No American city had sustained that amount of destruction since the Civil War. But beneath the statistics lies a deeper truth: New Orleans had been in trouble well before the first levee broke, plagued with a declining population, crumbling infrastructure, ineffective government, and a failed school system. Katrina only made these existing problems worse. To Blakely, the challenge was not only to repair physical damage but also to reshape a city with a broken economy and a racially divided, socially fractured community. My Storm is a firsthand account of a critical sixteen months in the post-Katrina recovery process. It tells the story of Blakely's endeavor to transform the shell of a cherished American city into a city that could not only survive but thrive. He considers the recovery effort's successes and failures, candidly assessing the challenges at hand and the work done—admitting that he sometimes stumbled, especially in managing press relations. For Blakely, the story of the post-Katrina recovery contains lessons for all current and would-be planners and policy makers. It is, perhaps, a cautionary tale.



Global Urbanization

Global Urbanization Author Eugenie L. Birch
ISBN-10 9780812204476
Release 2011-02-25
Pages 384
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For the first time in history, the majority of the world's population lives in urban areas. Much of this urbanization has been fueled by the rapidly growing cities of the developing world, exemplified most dramatically by booming megacities such as Lagos, Karachi, and Mumbai. In the coming years, as both the number and scale of cities continue to increase, the most important matters of social policy and economic development will necessarily be urban issues. Urbanization, across the world but especially in Asia and Africa, is perhaps the critical issue of the twenty-first century. Global Urbanization surveys essential dimensions of this growth and begins to formulate a global urban agenda for the next half century. Drawing from many disciplines, the contributors tackle issues ranging from how cities can keep up with fast-growing housing needs to the possibilities for public-private partnerships in urban governance. Several essays address the role that cutting-edge technologies such as GIS software, remote sensing, and predictive growth models can play in tracking and forecasting urban growth. Reflecting the central importance of the Global South to twenty-first-century urbanism, the volume includes case studies and examples from China, India, Uganda, Kenya, and Brazil. While the challenges posed by large-scale urbanization are immense, the future of human development requires that we find ways to promote socially inclusive growth, environmental sustainability, and resilient infrastructure. The timely and relevant scholarship assembled in Global Urbanization will be of great interest to scholars and policymakers in demography, geography, urban studies, and international development.



Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters in China Japan and Beyond

Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters in China  Japan and Beyond Author Adenrele Awotona
ISBN-10 9781443861175
Release 2014-06-02
Pages 460
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This volume examines lessons learned in reducing the impact of disasters on communities in China, Japan and other countries world-wide. Asia is the most disaster-prone continent. The 2012 data on natural disasters in 28 Asian countries, released by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Belgian-based Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters on December 11th, 2012 showed that, from 1950 to 2011, nine out of ten people affected by disasters globally were in Asia; that of the top five disasters that created the most damage in 2012, three were in China; that China led the list of most disasters in 2012; and, that China was the only “multi-hazard”-prone country. Similarly, the March 2011 Tohoku earthquake was the greatest known earthquake ever to have hit Japan and one of the five strongest ever recorded earthquakes in the world since 1900. Subsequently, the Center for Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters at the University of Massachusetts Boston organized a conference in November 2012 to survey the best practices in post-disaster rebuilding efforts in China and Japan. This edited book consists of selected papers from the proceedings of that event and previously invited contributions from leading scholars in post-disaster rebuilding in China, Japan and Namibia.



Cities

Cities Author International Architectural Exhibition
ISBN-10 0847828794
Release 2006
Pages
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Cities has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Cities also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Cities book for free.



Rebuilding Cities from Medieval to Modern Times

Rebuilding Cities from Medieval to Modern Times Author Percy Johnson-Marshall
ISBN-10 9781351494526
Release 2017-07-12
Pages 393
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Unique in the literature of planners, architects, and urban officials, Rebuilding Cities is a compendium and analysis of the achievements of city planning from the ""Ideal City"" of Palmanova in 1593 to the innovative achievements of planners and designers of the twentieth century. As such, it is vital reading for anyone concerned with the problem of rebuilding and revitalizing cities after disasters--either of a human or physical decimation. Rebuilding Cities covers and includes medieval nuclei to urban sprawl; physical, economic, and social factors in planning; and the changing nature of components of cities incorporating elements from different periods in a single visual scheme. Also included are analysis of planning schemes from Indian and Greek visionaries; legislative and administrative changes needed for successful planning; the massive redevelopment that happened in London after World War Two; renewal schemes; and urban design and work throughout the world. The remarkable clarity and thoroughness of the book and its abundant illustrations clearly demonstrate the successes and failures of planning schemes and lays a solid groundwork for intelligent assessment of the goals and practical possibilities of city planning. Teachers and students of planning and architecture, professionals actively engaged in the field, and all who visualize a truly civilized urban environment will find this book immensely helpful and satisfying.



Working paper

Working paper Author University of California, Berkeley. Institute of Urban & Regional Development
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105123832110
Release
Pages
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Working paper has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Working paper also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Working paper book for free.



Environment Energy and Resources Law

Environment  Energy  and Resources Law Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105064144665
Release 2007
Pages
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Environment Energy and Resources Law has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Environment Energy and Resources Law also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Environment Energy and Resources Law book for free.



Planetizen s Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning

Planetizen s Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning Author Abhijeet Chavan
ISBN-10 1597269247
Release 2007-07-06
Pages 208
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Planetizen's Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning is a fascinating review of major topics and issues discussed in the field of urban planning, assembled by editors at Planetizen, the leading source of news and information for the planning and development community on the web. The book brings together a wide range of editorial and discussion topics, coupled with commentary and overviews to create an enlightening record of the continuously evolving philosophy of building and managing cities. The book's contributors include the most well-known experts in the planning and design fields, among them James Howard Kunstler, Alex Garvin, Andres Duany, Joel Kotkin, and Wendell Cox. These and other prominent thinkers offer passionate debates and thought-provoking commentary on the most important and controversial topics in the field of urban planning and design: gentrification, eminent domain, the philosophical divide between the Smart Growth community, libertarians and New Urbanists, regional growth patterns, urban design trends, transportation systems, and reaction to disasters such as Katrina and 9/11 that changed the way we look at cities and security. Planetizen's Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning provides readers with a unique and accessible introduction to a broad array of ideas and perspectives. With the increasing awareness of the need for sound urban planning to ensure the economic, environmental, and social health of modern society, Planetizen's Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning gives professionals in the field and concerned citizens alike a deeper understanding of the critical, complex issues that continue to challenge urban planners, designers, and developers.



The politics of planning and the voices of the excluded

The politics of planning and the voices of the excluded Author Catrine Celeste Lehrer-Brey
ISBN-10 WISC:89095899241
Release 2007
Pages 126
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The politics of planning and the voices of the excluded has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The politics of planning and the voices of the excluded also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The politics of planning and the voices of the excluded book for free.



Americanisms

Americanisms Author Michael Steppat
ISBN-10 3825354873
Release 2009
Pages 403
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Americanisms has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Americanisms also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Americanisms book for free.



International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and the Social Sciences

International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and the Social Sciences Author K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company
ISBN-10 359869430X
Release 2009
Pages 2843
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The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.1 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.



Choice

Choice Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105131538881
Release 2007
Pages
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Choice has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Choice also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Choice book for free.



Rebuilding After Disasters

Rebuilding After Disasters Author Gonzalo Lizarralde
ISBN-10 9781134028467
Release 2009-09-10
Pages 296
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Disasters are not natural. Natural events such as earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, etc. become disasters because of the fragile relations that exist between the natural, human and built environments. Sadly, major disasters will always occur in towns and cities in the developing world where resources are limited, people are vulnerable and needs are particularly great. The prevailing state of emergency challenges thoughtful and sustainable planning and construction. Yet it is possible, in theory and in practice, to construct them in a way that provides a sustainable environment and improved conditions for current and future generations. Rebuilding After Disasters emphasizes the role of the built environment in the re-establishment of lives and sustainable livelihoods after disasters. Expert contributors explain the principal challenges facing professionals and practitioners in the building industry. This book will be of great value to decision makers, students and researchers in the fields of architecture, social sciences, engineering, planning, geography, and disaster recovery.