Urban Planning After Disasters

Urban Planning After Disasters Author Robert Olshansky
ISBN-10 113877653X
Release 2016-11-25
Pages 1786
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This four-volume collection brings together the most important canonical and cutting-edge papers in the essential topic of planning after disasters. This is the first coherent academic reference work to date. These selections emphasize knowledge regarding reconstruction and recovery of communities, the policies designed to facilitate successful reconstruction, the processes of planning, the processes of reconstruction, and the outcomes of all of the above. They draw from publications describing reconstruction cases all over the world, for which there is a rapidly growing literature. They emphasize governance, management, and planning for reconstruction, and also include some papers that describe and evaluate reconstruction outcomes. The selections emphasize physical reconstruction, but also include key readings on the economic recovery of cities after disasters.The set is introduced in a comprehensive editorial piece by the editor which locates the articles in context and explores the issues and topics at hand.



Urban Planning for Disaster Recovery

Urban Planning for Disaster Recovery Author Alan March
ISBN-10 9780128043233
Release 2017-05-10
Pages 274
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Urban Planning for Disaster Recovery focuses on disaster recovery from the perspective of urban planning, an underutilized tactic that can significantly reduce disaster risks. The book examines disaster risk reduction (DRR), in particular, the recovery stage of what is widely known as the disaster cycle. The theoretical underpinning of the book derives from a number of sources in urban planning and disaster management literature, and is illustrated by a series of case studies. It consists of five sections, each of which opens with a conceptual framework that is followed by a series of supporting and illustrative cases as practical examples. These examples both complement and critique the theoretical base provided, demonstrating the need to apply the concepts in location-specific ways. Examines disaster recovery from an urban planning perspective Illustrates key concepts with real-world case studies Explores the contributions of experts, urban planners, NGOs, and community members



Urban Planning After War Disaster and Disintegration

Urban Planning After War  Disaster and Disintegration Author John R. Yarwood
ISBN-10 1443823422
Release 2010
Pages 211
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Deals with the relationship between urban planning on the one hand, and war, natural disaster and societal or political disintegration on the other. This book recounts the author's professional experience of specific cases of disaster in the Philippines, war in Bosnia, Afghanistan and South Sudan, and disintegration in Albania and Ireland



Rebuilding Urban Places After Disaster

Rebuilding Urban Places After Disaster Author Eugenie L. Birch
ISBN-10 9780812204483
Release 2013-01-09
Pages 416
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Disasters—natural ones, such as hurricanes, floods, or earthquakes, and unnatural ones such as terrorist attacks—are part of the American experience in the twenty-first century. The challenges of preparing for these events, withstanding their impact, and rebuilding communities afterward require strategic responses from different levels of government in partnership with the private sector and in accordance with the public will. Disasters have a disproportionate effect on urban places. Dense by definition, cities and their environs suffer great damage to their complex, interdependent social, environmental, and economic systems. Social and medical services collapse. Long-standing problems in educational access and quality become especially acute. Local economies cease to function. Cultural resources disappear. The plight of New Orleans and several smaller Gulf Coast cities exemplifies this phenomenon. This volume examines the rebuilding of cities and their environs after a disaster and focuses on four major issues: making cities less vulnerable to disaster, reestablishing economic viability, responding to the permanent needs of the displaced, and recreating a sense of place. Success in these areas requires that priorities be set cooperatively, and this goal poses significant challenges for rebuilding efforts in a democratic, market-based society. Who sets priorities and how? Can participatory decision-making be organized under conditions requiring focused, strategic choices? How do issues of race and class intersect with these priorities? Should the purpose of rebuilding be restoration or reformation? Contributors address these and other questions related to environmental conditions, economic imperatives, social welfare concerns, and issues of planning and design in light of the lessons to be drawn from Hurricane Katrina.



Urban Planning after War Disaster and Disintegration

Urban Planning after War  Disaster and Disintegration Author John Yarwood
ISBN-10 9781443823562
Release 2010-07-12
Pages 240
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This book concerns the relationship between urban planning (and similar things) on the one hand, and war, natural disaster and societal or political disintegration on the other. The supposition is that one may mitigate the other. The book recounts the author’s professional experience of specific cases of disaster (earthquake and flood) in the Philippines, war in Bosnia, Afghanistan and South Sudan, and disintegration in Albania and Ireland. He identifies the key themes in urban and regional planning which these case studies illustrate. The themes include (a) the delivery of building land with site preparation, infrastructure and property rights; (b) the size and amount of plots able to match both demographic projections and wealth distribution; (c) the creation of a property market able to deliver affordable land and buildings to match demand, encourage investment and further the development of the economy; (d) the spatial or geographic adjustment of institutional patterns to reflect the components of identity—making for ‘fuzzy’ sovereignty; (e) a form of organisation which leads to effective project management and implementation, and so on. The view is taken that lack of suitable development land supply, a land market unable to deliver affordable property to the people and unable to support economic growth, and a spatial-institutional pattern unable to match key aspects of identity, are all causes of war as well as societal or political decline. The book contains many drawings prepared by the author, including plans of urban projects described in the text. It will be of interest particularly to architects, town planners, municipal engineers and civil engineers, urban administrators, urban economists, politicians, diplomats, soldiers, and staff of NGOs and international agencies.



Challenge of Land Use Planning After Urban Earthquakes

Challenge of Land Use Planning After Urban Earthquakes Author Catherine Bauman
ISBN-10 9780788183782
Release 1996-08-01
Pages 42
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Discusses the city of Kobe's (Japan) recovery from the Great Hanshin Earthquake from the perspective of city planning. The earthquake & fire devastated many parts of the city, resulting in a need for coordinated planning of rebuilding. Many buildings, land use patterns, & residents loyalty to their homes & neighborhoods remained, & are the basis of post-earthquake city planning. Chapters: Kobe before the earthquake; city planning in Japan; the earthquake; the interim city; long-range planning after the earthquake; rebuilding housing; commercial rebuilding; emerging issues in recovery; & references. 22 charts & tables.



A Reappraisal of the Urban Planning Process

A Reappraisal of the Urban Planning Process Author Alexander Clement Mosha
ISBN-10 9211312817
Release 1995*
Pages 265
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A Reappraisal of the Urban Planning Process has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from A Reappraisal of the Urban Planning Process also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A Reappraisal of the Urban Planning Process book for free.



Healthy Resilient and Sustainable Communities After Disasters

Healthy  Resilient  and Sustainable Communities After Disasters Author Institute of Medicine
ISBN-10 9780309316224
Release 2015-09-10
Pages 504
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In the devastation that follows a major disaster, there is a need for multiple sectors to unite and devote new resources to support the rebuilding of infrastructure, the provision of health and social services, the restoration of care delivery systems, and other critical recovery needs. In some cases, billions of dollars from public, private and charitable sources are invested to help communities recover. National rhetoric often characterizes these efforts as a "return to normal." But for many American communities, pre-disaster conditions are far from optimal. Large segments of the U.S. population suffer from preventable health problems, experience inequitable access to services, and rely on overburdened health systems. A return to pre-event conditions in such cases may be short-sighted given the high costs - both economic and social - of poor health. Instead, it is important to understand that the disaster recovery process offers a series of unique and valuable opportunities to improve on the status quo. Capitalizing on these opportunities can advance the long-term health, resilience, and sustainability of communities - thereby better preparing them for future challenges. Healthy, Resilient, and Sustainable Communities After Disasters identifies and recommends recovery practices and novel programs most likely to impact overall community public health and contribute to resiliency for future incidents. This book makes the case that disaster recovery should be guided by a healthy community vision, where health considerations are integrated into all aspects of recovery planning before and after a disaster, and funding streams are leveraged in a coordinated manner and applied to health improvement priorities in order to meet human recovery needs and create healthy built and natural environments. The conceptual framework presented in Healthy, Resilient, and Sustainable Communities After Disasters lays the groundwork to achieve this goal and provides operational guidance for multiple sectors involved in community planning and disaster recovery. Healthy, Resilient, and Sustainable Communities After Disasters calls for actions at multiple levels to facilitate recovery strategies that optimize community health. With a shared healthy community vision, strategic planning that prioritizes health, and coordinated implementation, disaster recovery can result in a communities that are healthier, more livable places for current and future generations to grow and thrive - communities that are better prepared for future adversities.



Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters in China Japan and Beyond

Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters in China  Japan and Beyond Author Adenrele Awotona
ISBN-10 9781443861175
Release 2014-06-02
Pages 460
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This volume examines lessons learned in reducing the impact of disasters on communities in China, Japan and other countries world-wide. Asia is the most disaster-prone continent. The 2012 data on natural disasters in 28 Asian countries, released by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Belgian-based Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters on December 11th, 2012 showed that, from 1950 to 2011, nine out of ten people affected by disasters globally were in Asia; that of the top five disasters that created the most damage in 2012, three were in China; that China led the list of most disasters in 2012; and, that China was the only “multi-hazard”-prone country. Similarly, the March 2011 Tohoku earthquake was the greatest known earthquake ever to have hit Japan and one of the five strongest ever recorded earthquakes in the world since 1900. Subsequently, the Center for Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters at the University of Massachusetts Boston organized a conference in November 2012 to survey the best practices in post-disaster rebuilding efforts in China and Japan. This edited book consists of selected papers from the proceedings of that event and previously invited contributions from leading scholars in post-disaster rebuilding in China, Japan and Namibia.



Coming Home after Disaster

Coming Home after Disaster Author Alka Sapat
ISBN-10 9781315404240
Release 2016-12-19
Pages 358
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Post-disaster housing concerns and dilemmas are complex, global in nature, and are inextricably intertwined with social, economic, and political considerations.? The multi-faceted nature of housing recovery requires a holistic approach that accounts for its numerous dimensions and contours that are best captured with multi-disciplinary, multi-scalar, and multi-hazard approaches. This book serves as a valuable resource by highlighting the key issues and challenges that need to be addressed with regard to post-disaster housing. By featuring a collection of case studies on various disasters that have occurred globally and written by scholars and practitioners from various disciplines, it highlights the rich diversity of approaches taken to solve post-disaster housing problems. Coming home after Disaster can serve as an essential reference for researchers and practitioners in disaster and emergency management, public administration, public policy, urban planning, sociology, anthropology, geography, economics, architecture, and other related social science fields. Key features in this book are: Addresses a wide range of dilemmas such as differential levels of social and physical vulnerability; problems related to land tenure, home-ownership, property rights, planning, and zoning; and political and legal challenges to housing recovery.? Discusses the role played by public, private and non-governmental organizations, the informal sector, financial institutions, and insurance in rebuilding and housing recovery. Features global case studies, incorporates relevant examples and policies, and offers solutions from a range of scholars working in multiple disciplines and different countries.



Spatial Planning and Resilience Following Disasters

Spatial Planning and Resilience Following Disasters Author Stefan Greiving
ISBN-10 9781447323594
Release 2017-12-06
Pages 352
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International contributors from academia, research, policy and practice use their experience and knowledge to explore on-going efforts to improve spatial resilience across the globe and predict future trends.



Planetizen s Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning

Planetizen s Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning Author Abhijeet Chavan
ISBN-10 1597269247
Release 2007-07-06
Pages 208
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Planetizen's Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning is a fascinating review of major topics and issues discussed in the field of urban planning, assembled by editors at Planetizen, the leading source of news and information for the planning and development community on the web. The book brings together a wide range of editorial and discussion topics, coupled with commentary and overviews to create an enlightening record of the continuously evolving philosophy of building and managing cities. The book's contributors include the most well-known experts in the planning and design fields, among them James Howard Kunstler, Alex Garvin, Andres Duany, Joel Kotkin, and Wendell Cox. These and other prominent thinkers offer passionate debates and thought-provoking commentary on the most important and controversial topics in the field of urban planning and design: gentrification, eminent domain, the philosophical divide between the Smart Growth community, libertarians and New Urbanists, regional growth patterns, urban design trends, transportation systems, and reaction to disasters such as Katrina and 9/11 that changed the way we look at cities and security. Planetizen's Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning provides readers with a unique and accessible introduction to a broad array of ideas and perspectives. With the increasing awareness of the need for sound urban planning to ensure the economic, environmental, and social health of modern society, Planetizen's Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning gives professionals in the field and concerned citizens alike a deeper understanding of the critical, complex issues that continue to challenge urban planners, designers, and developers.



Planning for Post Disaster Recovery

Planning for Post Disaster Recovery Author Gavin Smith
ISBN-10 9781597269452
Release 2012-08-17
Pages 456
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As individuals, groups, communities, and organizations routinely struggle to recover from disasters, they are beset by a duplication of efforts, poor interorganizational coordination, the development and implementation of policies that are not shaped by local needs, and the spread of misinformation. Yet investment in pre-event planning for post-disaster recovery remains low. "Planning for Post-Disaster Recovery"blends what we know about disaster recovery from the research literature with an analysis of existing practice to uncover problems and recommend solutions. It is intended for hazard scholars, practitioners, and others who have not assimilated or acted upon the existing body of knowledge, or who are unexpectedly drawn into the recovery process following a disaster."



Handbook of Disaster Research

Handbook of Disaster Research Author Havidán Rodríguez
ISBN-10 9783319632544
Release 2017-11-16
Pages 619
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This timely Handbook is based on the principle that disasters are social constructions and focuses on social science disaster research. It provides an interdisciplinary approach to disasters with theoretical, methodological, and practical applications. Attention is given to conceptual issues dealing with the concept "disaster" and to methodological issues relating to research on disasters. These include Geographic Information Systems as a useful research tool and its implications for future research. This seminal work is the first interdisciplinary collection of disaster research as it stands now while outlining how the field will continue to grow.



Cities at Risk

Cities at Risk Author Professor Gary Sands
ISBN-10 9781472441683
Release 2015-11-28
Pages 230
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How do cities prepare for and recover from natural disasters? In this book the authors provide a broad overview of the issues related to the impacts of disasters on cities around the world, from assessing risks to accounting for damages. The comparative approach across different types of disasters in a range of urban locations is useful in identifying opportunities for policy transfer. While there is no ‘one size fits all’ solution to hazard mitigation, valuable lessons can be learned from the experiences of others. The chapters emphasize different modes for assessing hazard risk, as well as strategies for increasing the resiliency of vulnerable populations.



Urban Emergency Survival Plan

Urban Emergency Survival Plan Author Jim Cobb
ISBN-10 9781440334153
Release 2014-09-17
Pages 176
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Stay Safe in the City Here's the book that won't advise you to flee the city and set up a homestead to avoid potential disasters. With many other survival-planning resources emphasizing that approach, urban dwellers that plan to stay put in the city, no matter the circumstances, have been overlooked. Not only do 58 percent of Americans live in cities, but certain risks are higher in cities than elsewhere. Urban Emergency Survival Plan delivers a common-sense approach to urban survival planning rather than advocating that city survivalists need to figure out a way to grow an acre of food, raise goats, and build an underground bunker. The clearly outlined approach here will help you to reduce the risks inherent in disasters that occur in well-populated areas. Inside you'll find: Packing lists for get-home bags, everyday carry items for adults and kids and bug-out bags An overview of threats that face an urban area and instructions for planning safe travel during and after disasters, as well as how to plan a temporary escape Instructions for sheltering in place at work Chapters on food storage and water procurement in urban areas with emphasis on limited space and budget A detailed chapter on security options in urban areas A detailed chapter on sanitation, first aid and shelter Ideas for how to respond and cooperate with government disaster plans Photos of important survival gear Discover the skills you'll need to weather any storm, whether you live in an apartment, townhouse, condominium, single-family home or any other urban setting. With planning and practice, you'll gain the confidence to always feel safe in the city.



The Resilient City

The Resilient City Author Lawrence J. Vale
ISBN-10 9780199884162
Release 2005-01-20
Pages 392
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In 1871, the city of Chicago was almost entirely destroyed by what became known as The Great Fire. Thirty-five years later, San Francisco lay in smoldering ruins after the catastrophic earthquake of 1906. Or consider the case of the Jerusalem, the greatest site of physical destruction and renewal in history, which, over three millennia, has suffered wars, earthquakes, fires, twenty sieges, eighteen reconstructions, and at least eleven transitions from one religious faith to another. Yet this ancient city has regenerated itself time and again, and still endures. Throughout history, cities have been sacked, burned, torched, bombed, flooded, besieged, and leveled. And yet they almost always rise from the ashes to rebuild. Viewing a wide array of urban disasters in global historical perspective, The Resilient City traces the aftermath of such cataclysms as: --the British invasion of Washington in 1814 --the devastation wrought on Berlin, Warsaw, and Tokyo during World War II --the late-20th century earthquakes that shattered Mexico City and the Chinese city of Tangshan --Los Angeles after the 1992 riots --the Oklahoma City bombing --the destruction of the World Trade Center Revealing how traumatized city-dwellers consistently develop narratives of resilience and how the pragmatic process of urban recovery is always fueled by highly symbolic actions, The Resilient City offers a deeply informative and unsentimental tribute to the dogged persistence of the city, and indeed of the human spirit.